Dienstag, 29. April 2014, 17:00 - 19:00 iCal


The precariousness of the franchise state: voluntary sector health services and international NGOs in Tanzania in early independence.
Michael Jennings (SOAS, London)

Institut für Afrikawissenschaften, Seminarraum 3
Spitalgasse 2, Hof 5, 1090 Wien


The paper presented looks at the role of voluntary sector actors and international NGOs in health sector provision in Tanzania from the 1960s – 1980s. It argues that, contrary to the arguments of its critics, the NGO sector did not create the ‘franchise state’ of the post-structural-adjustment and new policy agenda era: the atomisation of health services parcelled out to individual voluntary actors, bypassing (and undermining) the state. Rather, NGOs entered a health arena already characterised by fragmentation and structural weakness, and dominated by (non-NGO) voluntary actors. However, the modes of engagement by NGOs, and the increasing reliance of the voluntary sector upon these NGOs, exacerbated the precariousness nature of these services. The short-term perspectives of NGOs, their small-scale piecemeal engagement, and the extra demands they placed upon their voluntary actor partners, left little scope for the development of sustainable, national and accountable solutions to the health needs of the country.

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Institut für Afrikawissenschaften


Ulrike Auer
Institut für Afrikawissenschaften