Freitag, 23. Juni 2023, 17:00 - 18:30 iCal

ERC Advanced Grant GLORE, inauguration

Global Resettlement Regimes: Ambivalent Lessons learned from the Postwar (1945-1951)

Großer Festsaal im Hauptgebäude der Universität Wien
Universitätsring 1, 1010 Wien

Ehrung, Festveranstaltung

The 20th century saw unprecedented violence, not only on the battlefields in Europe and Asia, but also against civilians who suffered large-scale deportation and forced migration in both the European and the Asian theatres of war. In Europe, slave labour workers from countries occupied by Nazi Germany, Holocaust survivors and concentration camp inmates were seeking a way back into normal life in a war-torn continent; many of them opted for overseas emigration. In Asia, the situation in China, ravaged by Japanese imperialism and civil war, offered even larger challenges, not to mention returning slave labourers and, as a special group, Japanese settlers. Considering their human scale, these events constituted even more dramatic refugee crises for the international community.

The displacement of millions of people after the end of hostilities and the question of their resettlement, be it back where “home” had been or to new places, became one of the most challenging needs for international organizations in the aftermath of violence in the 1940s. The issue constituted one of the first litmus tests for the operability of the new international United Nations system, and found institutional home within the UNHCR and the refugee convention of 1951. Understanding International Humanitarian Law as one crucial legacy of the 20th century and the aftermath of world war violence in particular, we argue that the management of the international migration regime was, despite setbacks, in a long durée perspective one of the post-war global success stories. It can potentially offer us lessons even today.

(Kerstin von Lingen)



Historisch- Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät / ERC Projekt "GLORE"


Szilvia Steiner
University of Vienna
Institute for East European History