Montag, 25. Mrz 2019, 18:00 - 20:00 iCal

Similar to others and superior at the same time

Öffentlicher Gastvortrag von Prof. Joachim Krüger (Brown University)

Hörsaal A 6. Stock, Neues Institutsgebäude
Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien


As members of a social species, individual humans depend on the goodwill, cooperation, and love of others. At the same time, individuals who command respect and resources fare better than those who don’t. These two structural realities give rise to two conflicted psychological needs and behavioral repertoires. The first need is to be similar to others and to be included in cooperating groups. The second need is to do well individually, which entails the desire to do better than others – who, ironically, are those who stand to grant respect and group inclusion. A simple interpretation of this conflict is that the individual can maximize one need only at the expense of the other. Social projection, or the idea that others are similar to the self, is a perceptual heuristic contributing to the satisfaction of the need for successful cooperation. Self-enhancement, or the idea that one is superior to others, is a heuristic contributing to the satisfaction of the need for successful competition. In a set of studies, my collaborators and I show that the hydraulic model (meet one need while frustrating the other) is incorrect. Specifically, we show how social projection can mitigate a threat to the need for excellence. I will end with a discussion of motivated reasoning in light of statistical (Bayesian) benchmarks.


Joachim Krueger is professor of psychology at the Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Science, Brown University, and Adjunct Professor at the Instituto de Empresa, Madrid, Spain. He received a Research Prize from the Humboldt Foundation and serves as a member of the Scientific Advisory Board to the Max Planck Institute of Human Development in Berlin. His work addresses a variety of topics in judgment and decision-making as well as strategic behavior in interpersonal and groups situations. The common underlying theme is ‘inductive reasoning in social context.’


(public lecture - no registration required)


Fakultät für Psychologie, Institut für Angewandte Psychologie: Arbeit, Bildung, Wirtschaft


Selina Marhold
Institut für Angewandte Psychologie: Arbeit, Bildung, Wirtschaft
Bildungspsychologie und Evaluation
+43 1 4277-47311